Introduction by Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski & Anna Colin Lebedev (4/5th Issue Editors)
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We are pleased to introduce to you our double issue 4/5 devoted to “Military and Security Structures in/and the Regions” and “Women in/and the Military”
The questions related to power ministries are often adressed from the “central power” point of view and therefore often fail to take into account the forces - state forces or non state forces - which exist on a local level, this is why we have devoted this first section to the relation of military and security structures in /and the regions.
In the first article, the relations between civilian authorities and power ministries in the framework of international cooperative projects in the Kola Peninsula are explored by G. Honneland.
In the second article, A. Salagaev, A. Shashkin and A. Konnov, through in-depth interviews, look at the informal ties existing between members of organized criminal groups and representatives of law-enforcement agencies in Tatarstan.
Because women have played and still play a many-sided role in the military and in military life, we have asked P. Shcherbinin to study the social role of soldiers’ wives from the XVIIIth century to the beginning of the XXth century.
As for today, the participation of women inside the military and the power structures remains controversial and question gender roles and societal evolution as a whole. Ch. Eifler gives us an overview of the role of women in the Russian military and an analysis of the discourses on gender roles produced both by military leaders and female soldiers.
The case of women in Estonian police forces, developped by A. Resetnikova, shows that the role of women in power forces says a lot about a broader behaviour, about the general evolution of post-Soviet societies.
We would like to draw your attention to the bibliography (Women in the Military and Power Structures in Russia, the Soviet-Union and post-Soviet societies : A Selected Bibliography) which gathers sources in Russian, English and French on “armed forces and women” in Imperial Russia, the Soviet-Union and the post-Soviet states. A special section devoted to the Soldiers’ Mothers Committee has also been compiled.
Finally, we would like to point out the book reviews: two of them are directly related to the “Women in/and the Military” topic. The others concern different periods of the military/power structures history (Imperial Russia, 2WW, the Soviet period and contemporary history) as well as different geographical areas (Russia and the CIS, Central and Eastern Europe).
We hope you will find this double issue of interest and we are looking forward to your reactions and remarks.
Anna Colin-Lebedev (4/5th issue editor)
Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski (4/5th issue editor)